Although there are a number of various causes for the development of white spots on your teeth, the most common cause is hypomineralization. This term refers to mineral loss from your dental enamel, and while this condition can be quite noticeable, there are a number of ways your dentist can treat it. Here are three other causes of white spots on teeth and what you can do about them:

Acid Reflux Disease

Acid reflux causes irritating stomach acid to travel into your upper digestive tract, including your esophagus. Not only can gastric acid make its way into your esophagus, it can also make contact with your throat, teeth, and gums. Because of this, you may be at risk for developing acid erosion and demineralization of your tooth enamel, which may result in white spots.

To help prevent acid reflux, avoid trigger foods such as citrus fruit, coffee, chocolate, onions, and peppers. In addition, sleeping with the head of the bed elevated will also help keep stomach acid from migrating upwards into your throat.

Other interventions that might help keep white spots from developing on your teeth as a result of acid reflux include not smoking, maintaining a healthy weight, limiting your consumption of alcohol, and avoiding tight-fitting clothing. 


If you wear braces, you may notice white spots on your teeth once your hardware has been removed. This is because it can be difficult to clean under your braces which can lead to plaque build-up. Excessive plaque can damage your tooth enamel, raising the risk for demineralization.

To help prevent white spots on your teeth because of your braces, see your orthodontist on a regular basis and get regular dental cleanings as necessary. In the meantime, talk to your dentist about using a plaque-reducing mouthwash that will help clean underneath your hardware to help stave off the accumulation of plaque. 


Ingesting too much fluoride, either by drinking excessive amounts of fluoridated water or swallowing large amounts of fluoridated toothpaste can lead to discolored spots on your teeth. These spots may be brown, yellow, or chalky white. While fluoride helps carious teeth, too much can be detrimental to your dental health.

If you notice white spots or discolored teeth that you believe may be related to fluorosis, talk to your dentist who will develop an appropriate treatment plan to help eliminate or conceal your dental discoloration. While tooth-whitening procedures such as bleaching may help improve the appearance of your teeth, enamel damage from severe fluorosis may not respond well. 

If you have white spots on your teeth, see your dentist. There are a number of effective treatments available such as bonding, bleaching, and veneers. Your dental professional will be able to determine which treatment is best suited to your personal situation. For more information, contact companies like Centre Family Dentistry.