If your teeth are misaligned, you may be considering braces. Here is a bit of information about braces to better help you understand them.  

There Are Multiple Types of Braces

Nowadays, there are multiple types of braces available to help straighten the teeth. They include:

  1. Conventional metal braces. These traditional braces are made of metal and include an archwire, brackets, and elastic bands. 
  2. Ceramic braces. The brackets of ceramic braces are made of clear or tooth-colored dental ceramic instead of metal. As a result, the braces blend with the color of the teeth and are more difficult to discern in the mouth than metal braces.
  3. Lingual braces. Instead of being attached to the front of the teeth, lingual braces are placed on the tooth surface that is nearest to the tongue. Consequently, lingual braces offer a discreet alignment option that does not interfere with the movement of the lips.
  4. Damon system braces. Damon braces have self-ligating brackets. The brackets reduce the amount of friction produced during the alignment process, thus reducing the treatment time.

In addition to braces, plastic aligners are also available as a treatment option. However, the aligners do not include brackets, archwires, or elastic ligatures. The aligners, which are clear plastic mouth trays, are the only components needed to reposition the teeth.

Braces Can Correct Multiple Oral Health Issues

Braces can correct bite issues, such as crossbites, overbites, and underbites. Crossbites occur when the side teeth of the upper palate don't align with those of the lower palate. When an overbite is present, the front teeth of the upper jaw extend beyond those of the lower jaw. For an underbite, the front teeth of the lower palate jut out beyond those of the upper palate. 

Braces can also help the teeth chew food more thoroughly. In addition, the appliances can diminish the symptoms of temporomandibular joint problems by aiding in the proper alignment of the jaw joints. Braces can even help patients pronounce words properly. Also, braces can reduce the likelihood of dental decay. Teeth that are crooked or crowded may be more difficult to clean properly.

The Length of the Treatment With Braces May Vary

Each orthodontic treatment with braces is individualized. As a result, treatment times vary based on the individual needs of the patient. People with severe dental misalignments can expect longer treatment times. If your teeth are misaligned, and you would like to learn more about braces, schedule an appointment with an orthodontist in your local area.